I Started this before Covid, progressed during my Covid and polished it after Covid. Took 2.5 months.

I don’t know if this is poetry or prose; I don’t know if poems have stanza headings which this one has– but I hope you enjoy it – never mind the name.

PS:

God, why did you wait so late in my life to teach me this lesson, I asked.

God replied: ‘Elixir comes after the churn; the results of games follow the play, morals after the story,

Morals follow the story, healing comes after the wound: So Realization after the tumult of life’

‘If you put chapter headings before, not after the narrative, its your problem not Mine’, said God. 

In deference to the above the para names appear at the end of para and the title at the end of it all

It was a tiring previous day and we must have crisscrossed the City of Lakes till late last night,

Off I went to deep sleep, hoping to recoup energy to resume toasting the city of tranquil next day,

We were awakened by a medley of noisy loudspeakers, well short of our target sleep,

I shook my slumber and soon it dawned that it was a score or more of morning prayers to God.

Suddenly awakened

First, I thought that it was from different followers of the same God each outdoing the other,

Soon I realized it was different Gods with their respective creations trying to outdo each other,

It sounded a cacophony instead of a symphony, with each note raising or fading out of sync,

The soothing breeze from the lakes or beauty of hills around could not bring about any synchrony.

Many Gods; Different prayers

In the name of God and peace, so many divisions! I sulked in despair – both hope and sleep crushed,

Out of  bed as well as wits, I opened my door, to see how various Gods answer their believers’ prayers

Change of tide, a rush of refreshing air washed my face and one of the Gods planted a smile on my lips.

Washing away the sense of despair and I felt Hope seeping thru my skin to every dejected nerve. 

From Despair to Hope

Now shed your anguish and gloom and listen to My answers, commanded God.

There were countless birds and rodents in the dark raising a fusion of chirps and sounds,

The rustling of leaves and grating sound of tree trunks swaying added accompaniments of note,

The fountains in the garden added their dash of music with their swirls and waves, fall and flow,

Their subtle subdued symphony of feelings and emotions drowned out the noisier prayers for attention.

From questions to answers

In this confluence of cheer and hope, I felt God ask me ‘How is the answer to My believers’ prayers?

Where are you? I asked, darkness clouding sight for I did not know which of the Gods answered me.

‘In My Kingdom the alphabet of language is love and brotherhood, you don’t need light or eyes to see.

Unbounded Joy and happiness are My ways of answers to the million prayers of my devotees’: God.   

From answers to realization

I persisted with my childlike curiosity; God please tell me whose God are you that answered.

‘Can you segregate the voice of each bird, the rustle of each leaf, the groan of every branch’, He queried.   

I went silent. Helpless. In the deafening silence that followed, the answer seemed to dawn on me.

Various notes of the same symphony, same God with many names; the coherence of the same single One.

It is the same God with different names

 I closed my door, parted my curtains on window and found the same full moon looking twice as full,

The lustrous morning moon in the West so full of love and embrace with its calming influence,

Last evening, eastern Moon was bright and invigorating, now the setting moon dimmer but soothing,

It is the same Moon, same Moon but Mankind sees in different shades of darkness and light.

 It is not many Moons but One.

Awakened thus, I went back to the comfort of my bed to sleep till I would be awake again,

Secured by the warm embrace of the moon’s ray’s, to the morning symphony of a thousand birds,

Flowers beginning to blossom to welcome the Sun amidst so many blaring competing prayers,

With the new light in me that it is the same God with different names,

To each his own prayer, and to each His own answer by the same God to his devotes in different robes.    

Oh! It is not many Gods but One

Corona spirituality – a poem

By V Kumaraswamy

It was a call from my daughter, voice sweet as honey as ever, enquiring after my welfare,

I said I was fine and countered her on the inscrutable disease and its surrounding despair,

Precautions we insist on – last time we stopped visitors at our door, and sanitization a must

This time it is upgraded: We don’t let outsiders in or insiders out of our society’s gate.

God! You came in various Avatars – Fish, Wild Boar, Turtle; you came as half lion and half man,

But due to come was the winged one that soars and shows us the way to Heaven,

Bat it is this time: and if your winged creation prefers darkness over light,

You have taken over our lives through a virus which remains out of sight

First you shut the national borders and made us stay within our shores.

Next you locked us within our states and we learnt to live by new mores, 

Then it was national lock down and you made us all stay within our doors

Then you shut our workplace and made office part of household chores

Then you came into my life uninvited, sent shivers down every near one’s spine,

My office knew it and said to stay away from work was fine,

Courtesy and rules made me inform my society, who said the lift is closed for us,

Stay indoors they warned and made us prisoners within our own doors.

Then it was my wife, who shut the door of my room within the house’s larger door,

Sanity she called; I could not figure if it was society’s hygiene or my mental one to preserve,

Not satisfied with your sanctions, You made me voiceless with a mask around my face,

And made every sneeze, cough, and breath of mine an enemy of Mankind.

May be as a prelude to taking my last breath, You took my smell and taste away,

The sight of flowers outside my window became my only cherished company,

You made me discover different aspects of mine and explore the beauty within,

The Blue skies and fresh winds free of Man’s corruption for once felt so genuine.

Oh! Almighty Corona, you shrunk my energy and diminished my zest and zeal for life,

Can You also take away my ego, invisible like you but the scourge of our happiness,   

Can You shut the doors on greed and avarice and fear of future, my biggest demon within?

So I shed the several layers of false cloths I wear and see the true Me and its virtuous origin,

To Deliver this Realization, Oh Corona! hope taking our breath away is not Your only way!     

A case for science that is inclusive

Science that is inclusive

There is a kind of frostiness between science and the unscientific, that takes the shape of snootiness, dismissiveness to superiority or patronisation, with the so-called unscientific being at the receiving end most times. Scientists have the tendency to dismiss everything ‘unscientific’ as preposterous and illogical and hence undependable and unfit for use.

Instead of splitting into two classes – scientific and unscientific – it would be more worthwhile if we saw it as ‘adequately explained’ and ‘not yet adequately explained’. Science is ever evolving as Einstein (is claimed to have. Only Einstein can come back and confirm his having made it since there are so many quotes which are attributed to him without proof or evidence) stated, ‘science is but the existing state of knowledge of nature’ and will sure bring within its fold more and more currently unexplained aspects of nature which may have alternative explanatory routes than what science follows as of now.  

Things like intuition, premonition, astrological predictions, prejudices, tradition, sixth sense, occult sciences, lunacy and planetary influences and even many branches of medicine and traditional cure are currently deemed or dismissed as ‘unscientific’. For all we know they may be in the same state as earth being spherical but dismissed as superstition before Aristotle, Eratosthenes, or Pythagoras (take your pick) reasoned it out. And many such things which are today considered scientific have come after much agony and punishment to the discoverers from the church, orthodoxy and existing beliefs and their champions or those who stood to lose their status.

With a dismissive attitude and binary outlook unwittingly science and scientists may themselves become the new tormentors (like religion, royalty and vested interest were in the past) for faster discovery and assimilation of currently unexplained events or phenomena into the ‘scientific’ fold. A cross fertilisation of ideas between science and current un-science may lead to many beneficial outcomes which may otherwise be lost or postponed. If the church was dismissive of science before, it is increasingly the other way around now. 

Noted mathematician Ramanujan purportedly left behind 147 theorems for which he could not provide proofs or had no time to write before his demise.  If deductive reasoning is a primary weapon of mathematics, it is unbelievable that someone had the time to reason it out and write out the theorems but no time to write out the proofs. If one reads Hardy’s account of his association with Ramanujan clearly, Ramanujan wrote them down as it occurred but skipped many steps in between which he wasn’t himself aware of or in a position to explain. Do we dismiss his theorems as preposterous (until each one is proved) particularly when some 47 of them have been proved in the last 100 years? What status does the unproven set enjoy? – unscientific or scientific? How and who are we to conclude that the unscientific (like intuition, forewarning, sixth senses) will not one day be proven like Ramanujan’s theorems, causality explained, and embraced within the fold of ‘science’.  Or science itself will get redefined and one of its main pillars -cause-effect- loses its primacy.   

Its time science and rationality shed their snootiness, we shed our dismissiveness and arrogance to whatever we consider ‘unscientific’ and replace it with curiosity and respect facilitative of smoother and faster integration.  There is a need for a healthier dialogue between the conflicting bodies to understanding what is and how it occurs and how to use them for our collective benefit.  

Respect need not imply blind acceptance. It can lead to search for solutions by both factions by making use of tools and techniques known to both. It might involve adopting alternative routes to proof and acceptance that somethings may be beyond proof or at least as per existing methods. A worm’s eye view, a bird world view and snakes perceptual aids need not be same as mankind and a shift in definitional scales may break many existing notions and ‘prove’ unaccepted ones. Attempts to prove might also result in proving the opposite and setting at rest false notions. Responsibility for proof and disproof could be equally shared. The faster science and rationality expands, the domain of ‘unscientific’ would only shrink faster. Even if it is vast, the accretion to the bank of unscientific is slow and unlikely to gain momentum. 

Such an approach and attitude towards the currently not adequately explained occurrences or phenomena might hasten the process of unravelling the secret, mystery, enigma or plain ignorance behind them and bring them into usable body of knowledge with or without safeguards and caveats.

Church ‘and’ science can achieve a lot more together than church ‘versus’ science. There is no need for science to become the new church.  

Weird Adventures; Uncommon Lessons – a recapture of motivations behind the book

This is an interview with Gopi Keertinagar which probes into the motivations behind my perilous pursuits and passion for meeting people and sharing the positive side of stories. Enjoy.

https://photos.app.goo.gl/EnJ7auduzfPSCYGK8

Enjoy

Weird adventures; uncommon Lessons

This is my latest book. Based on my travel to over 4 dozen countries and the wit, wisdom and vignettes gathered in various meetings, conversations and experiences with various people from presidents, pushcart vendors, policemen to pole dancers. all written in a positive spirit. It is in #4 rank now… you can make it #1.

Weird Adventures; Unusual Lessons

Dear Friends:
I am happy to announce my new book: ‘Weird Adventures, Unusual Lessons’  is available as Kindle edition now (print will be available soon).  Briefly, 
I write for business dailies on economic and business matters. I also write on novel experiences during my various sorties to several parts of the world. 
my work and own interest in travel has exposed me to over 4 Dozen countries, their culture, their people, social mores, practices, peculiarities, local governance systems, etc. 
It has put me in touch with paupers and fishermen, guards and guides, monks, priests and boatmen, high and low ranking government officials from presidents, ambassadors,  ministers, and others to chiefs of some of the largest companies, tribal dwellers, politicians to pole dancers, lions and cheetahs, researchers to rogues  – poor and rich, cultured or otherwise, etc.  
It has put me in touch with people who still use flint stones, whose savings or investments for tomorrow do not go beyond a solitary piece of cloth on their loins; cultures where cow is still a currency, blind at birth, yet patriotic to their country which they have never seen. These experiences include  a trip to Egypt days before Tahrir Square revolution,  travel  in one of the most heavily land-mined areas in the world – Cambodia; pleasant experiences during innumerable trips to Myanmar; experiences and insights from the animal kingdom in South Africa. taste of Dutch humour, etc. 
This book is about the various unusual and novel (sometimes embarrassing, awkward, sometimes humbling and at other times moving) experiences, conversations with ordinary people yielding extra-ordinary insights on various facets of life, anecdotes, lessons and local humour, information and personal encounters which dispel known and established notions and beliefs and, shall I say, sometimes falsehoods spread by motivated sections about nations, people and systems mostly radiating positive energy. It is not a travelogue of various touristy places and historical monuments or beaches.
I have sent the contents and sample vignettes.
 I would like to have your comments once you have read the book either to me or in comments section in Amazon and Flipkart. 
Many thanks and best regards

Kumaraswamy
The world is too full of beautiful people and positive energy for  Mankind to mess up. You have only to experience it.

ReplyForward

Time to move away from prescriptive macro policy making

Indian economy seems caught between tight fiscal targets prescribed under the FRBM review and a government which treats it as cast in stone despite being faced with the current crisis.

The best example of failure of the prescriptive approach is the Eurozone. The prolonged sluggishness of the Eurozone is caused mostly by the restrictive tight inflation targeting (influenced largely by Germany’s phobia for inflation given its post WWII memories), fiscal deficit targets and debt/GDP ratios which were good for a select few countries but out of context for most of the rest. Those who were already better gained in relative terms but those who were not aligned already have gone into prolonged sluggishness and some into economic coma. But on overall basis, Eurozone has not gained; it has been a massive loser – a sinkhole which the Chinese have expertly filled in to their advantage.

Prescriptive and market distorting intervention in agriculture products has been around in India for a long time along with minimum wages in labour markets. But in the recent years such an approach has been extended to other areas of macro management. Prohibitive pricing under Land Acquisition Act has virtually put it out of reach. Inflation management which was largely situational or contextual has become tightly prescriptive, where the midpoint 4% has operated more like a hard-stop cap. FRBM was loosely operated till 2016. With a rigid fiscal target and glide-path and Debt/GDP ratio, it has started impacting other macro variables like output and employment and government investments, besides putting breaks on response to a 6-sigma kind of event like Covid.

Such a prescriptive approach is born out of a lack of faith in markets’ efficiency and its self-correcting nature. Fixing targets for macro-economic variables like inflation, interest rates, fiscal deficits are as detrimental to the efficiency of free markets and its equilibrium seeking ways as fixing minimum or maximum prices in individual commodity markets or fixing quotas or tariffs, or licensing in micro markets.

A circuit breaker in stock markets at 10% and 20% might make sense, but at 3 and 4% they will affect free functioning of markets and its adjustments to new information or assimilation of the effect of other economic factors. The trouble with tight constraints is that they start affecting other factors and force them to operate at sub-optimal levels. As an example, anyone seeking air tickets or hotel rooms on internet will know that the more the conditions or filters one puts, the lesser the number of options that gets thrown up. The recent prescriptions have operated like ‘binding constraints’ in a linear programming language reducing the value of outcome than act as circuit breakers.

Free of any prescriptions major macro variables like inflation, investments, fiscal deficits, CAD, exchange rates, growth and output interact with each other influencing and being influenced by others so that the markets seek optimal or equilibrium ways. Such interplay also keeps the others in check so that they don’t escape their gravity. The experience of communist countries has proven that market based equilibrium have been far more enduring and self-sustaining with fewer glitches. Prescriptions should be like circuit breakers for extreme 3-sigma events like East Asian meltdown, Dotcom bubble and 2008 and Covid.

Are there risks in letting markets play

Will inflation, for example, run away to 20-30%. Or interest rates go sky high and snuff out all investments. Or Exchange rates break loose and settle at Rs 120/$. In an open economy where most commodities as well as finances can be imported or exported there is little risk in a general inflation shooting through the roof – import parity prices will ensure domestic prices cool down. Sudden swift exchange rate variations are to release pent up pressure. If the exchange rates fall far too steeply, higher exports and greater incentive for overseas Indians to bring back money will soon cool it down. Any spikes in interest rates will increase the investments attractiveness and bring in moneys from savings here and overseas and cool it down.

Unless the government resorts to absurd 30-70% increases in MSPs (as it did in 2008 and 2010) extreme food inflation is unlikely. With our excess stocks and production of food grains there is no need for food inflation fears; surely in contingencies we have enough forex reserves to import food and cool down prices – something markets will do anyway.

Safeguards

Safeguards if any should be limited to extreme events – specified or emerging- something that has a 1% or 2% chance. For some most essential items like food it may be necessary. But even in such areas it may be better to let the market find its level but compensate the vulnerable through cash transfers.

During the 10 years before 2013, we have had some of the best growth years when the inflation range has been 4-10% and fiscal deficits were in the range of 6.4% to 3.3% with an average of around 4.7%. Surely there was a causal connection between these various factors, when they were managed with caution than prescription. To aim 4% and 3% respectively tantamount to ignoring these causalities and give hygiene factors the status of main deity. These then operate as constraints which pull down the potential of others.

When the history of China’s stupendous rise from 1980 to 2020 is examined carefully 2 things might become clear. FED’s Volcker’s constricting inflation control during the 80s diluted US’ investment spurs and helped China to grow green shoots and the self-negating Eurozone policies of the last 2 decades helped consolidate it further. Europe, once the cauldron of new ideas in many facets of science and technology and corporate governance is regrettably having to shield itself from Chinese investment invasion now.

Before we learn about Chinese manufacturing excellence, we might learn some lessons on how they have managed their economy.

India seems fatally infatuated to Eurozone ways and replicating the resultant sluggishness.

India can sustain a fiscal deficit of 6%

A sustained and synchronised recovery path

The three important reason for the currently stagnant economy are (i) a monetary policy which is not synchronised with the fiscal (ii) disconnected with the rest of world in real terms in an increasingly open economy and (iii) mistaking risk aversion for sustainability (of government debt and deficits). Our FRBMs are forcing the government think more like an individual in retirement mode: pay off debts and resist fresh ones as if its sources of income are to dry up soon.

Considering the current strengths, the following can be the action agenda for getting out of the current rut. The aim is to have integrated fiscal and monetary policies. The sustainability of these are demonstrated later.

  1. RBI to maintain real interest rates (RIR) at +/- 0.5% of select competing countries/economies. This will preserve India as an attractive investment destination for inbound investments besides staying competitive for domestic investor. This has become disengaged of late due to nominal anchoring in an open economy, as can be seen in the chart. Since 2013, our Real Interest Rates has gone off into a different orbit.

Slide2

  1. RBI to target a GDP deflator of 6% p.a. for the medium term. This together with RIR will establish the target nominal interest rates. Within this food and essential inflation may be targeted at 3-4% to ‘protect the poor’.
  2. Government to aim at Tax GDP ratios in line with other countries (those chosen for real interest rates) – increase it by 2-3% over next 5 years.
  3. Target real growth rate and spend as if we are growing at 7%. If government continues to spend at 7% when the economy is growing at 10%, lower spends will cool down the economy and when the economy is growing at 4% act as a booster – an automatic stabiliser.
  4. Central Government to increase its debt levels to 52.5% from the present 47.8%. The overall debt limit is to be 60%, with 7.5% being kept as ‘Cushion’ to be tapped only for tackling extreme exigencies like prolonged war, events like oil shocks, extreme natural national calamities, 1997/2008 type of contagious external shocks, etc. Any deviation to be brought back to these levels within 2 years of economy retracting to the anchor assumptions of 7% real growth and GDP deflator of 6%.
  5. Government to switch over to accrual accounting from cash accounting and integrate extra budgetary resource (EBR) within the meaning of fiscal deficit. (One reason why the interest rates for the government has not fallen in line with the steep fall in fiscal and primary deficit numbers is the EBRs and Government compete in the same market for the same investors. And since there are multiple agencies placing essentially the same instrument, the pricing power of the central government gets diluted).
  6. Although Industry and agriculture are State subjects, CG will play the stabilisation and balancing role for business cycles.
  7. Subsidy list and quantum to be agreed between states and centre. Subsidies to be limited to basic necessities of food, clothing, shelter, and creating conditions for equality of economic and social opportunities including education, skills, basic healthcare and hygiene. All other subsidies to be part of state budget for which a limit as % of States GSDP to be applied. No subsidies to be mandated on non-government players.

Sustainable glide path

The above are tested below for sustainability of debt/GDP levels, primary and fiscal deficits. These are demonstrated below using standard equations laid out by IMF, Economic Survey (2016-17) and FRBM review committee report.

The government should increase its debt to 52.5% in 3 years. This would involve much higher primary deficits on which additional interest will have to be paid. The governments revenues grow at nominal rates of growth say 13% year on year. But Primary deficits which add to debt have to be serviced at 7-8% only. So one has to balance and equate the additional taxes with serving costs of PD. This is signified by the FRBM review in its report as pdt = (gt-rt)/(1+gt)*dt  (derived from the equation in page 54 of report). Table 1 captures the sustainability.

A primary deficit level of 2.3% is consistent with 52.5% debt/GDP levels and 8% GOI borrowing rate. Based on the above assumptions it is possible to sustain a fiscal deficit at 6% at the Central Government level alone. If we want to rein-in the states, we can mandate them to maintain NIL primary deficits. The sustainable fiscal deficits are given by FDs = Dt * (g/1+g), where FD is sustainable fiscal deficit and g is nominal growth rate. Table 2 lays out the sustainable debt levels across various growth rates and debt levels.

Slide3Table 3 lays down the glide path based on above recommendations. The switch over from cash to accrual accounting might gobble up 2-3 lac crores, which is accommodated by the higher PD targets in Yr1. Since there are already ‘incurred’ expenditure the inflation effect will be muted. By Yr 2, it can keep ready viable public projects. As can be seen, it is eminently feasible.